2022), says that adaptation is “reducing the climate risks and vulnerability mostly via adjustment of existing systems” (p.22). This includes adaptation measures addressing water scarcity and food production, health, and well-being, including mental health, as well as cities and infrastructures.

Climate change adaptation needs to also be embedded in education to prepare learners to adapt and live in the changed climate, thereby minimizing the negative impacts while anticipating changes in the future. Education on climate change adaptation should be a lifelong learning process that equips learners with the needed practical knowledge, skills, values, and attitudes to live in the new climate realities as well as socio-emotional resilience to face possible climate anxiety. It is highly linked with resilience thinking for learners to be able to have “not just the ability to maintain essential function, identity, and structure, but also the capacity for transformation” and to value “diverse forms of knowledge such as scientific, as well as Indigenous knowledge and local knowledge in understanding and evaluating climate adaptation processes and actions.” (IPCC, 2022, p.9).